Friday, 21 October 2016

Effigy Sword, Dagger and belts

Sword of Sir John de Hanbury (d. 1303) 

Swords, and Belts on effigies. Often worn and broken, the sword, belt and daggers displayed on effigies give an idea of just how decorative and individual these objects were.

The development of the sword hilt can be seen and the changing of the belt design is clearly shown.  

medieval-belts-14.png (1606×1902): Diagram of medieval sword belt, one style of fastening scabbard to the belt.: Diagram of medieval sword belt, one style of fastening scabbard to the belt.:
medieval-belts-5.png (1543×2371): medieval-belts-6.png (1218×2712): medieval-belts:
Belt plaques on the effigy of Sir John de Bermingham d. 1393, Birmingham.

Belt plaques of Sir Richard Vernon d. 1451, Tong. 

Belt buckle of Sir John Stanley Elford

Dagger of Sir Thomas Arderne d. 1391 Elford
Dagger of of Sir John Stanley Elford

Sword hilt, Early 16th c Shrewsbury Abbey.

Late 15th c sword. Albrighton. 

Sword with  S shaped cross guard effigy of Sir Francis Kynaston 17th c.

Misericord suspended by a cord. (Tong church)

Later effigies show the addition of a dagger, sometimes known as the Misericord because its employment in dispatching the mortally wounded was considered a mercy killing.
A Rondal type dagger with its narrow spike like blade. Used to penetrate plate armour rather than cut.

A small ballock dagger lay horizontally behind the effigy at Ashby de la Zouche
A ballock dagger with small eating knives.

Whilst the sword was suspended from the belt via leather straps and later metal rings, the dagger was usually held on the belt via a looped cord and in one case here by a looped chain.

The photographs here were taken at Tong, Aelford, Wroxeter, Birmingham, Elesmere, Hanbury and Norbury. with a couple unknown. The majority of them can be seen in The History of Armour 1100-1700.