Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Agincourt and The Paper knights

(Addition to blog). Since I posted this blog I have found a link to Zio's paper kits. Find it here

As some of you will know by know I am, amongst other things, a keen (but amateur) modeller.  I have always had a liking for making things out of card and paper, so when I came across the Papermau website I found it fascinating. 

Amongst the trains, cars, and spaceships a small picture of Sir John Codrington appeared before my eyes. Sir John was Henry V's standard bearer at the battle of Agincourt and to see him made from paper (On horseback) was irresistible. I clicked on the link and, behold, A set of English knights and men at arms came up. 

I soon discovered that the site was owned by Fabrizio Prudenziati 1946-2014. Fabrizio had developed dozens of English and French knights and men-at-arms in kit form that could, (for a small  donation) be downloaded and printed off.

On his website can be found stunning paper cars, planes, trains and ships, and a fantastic castle, all made by Fabrizio. His kits are a joy to make and it is a great shame that he is no longer with us. 

Models from other periods are also covered and very nice kits of Richard the lion heart, Bertrand du Guesclin and knights from the siege of Castruccio 1325 can be found. Not content to stick with the medieval Fabrizio also made kits of Napolionic soldiers and soldiers from the Zulu wars. 

The two things I enjoy most (medieval armour and paper modelling) . I soon started making my first two models. Henry V and Sir John Codrington.

The kits printed off beautifully in full colour and I used slightly thicker drawing paper rather than the usual thin photocopy paper.  

The kits go together with some fiddling but I soon got the hang of how to role the paper and glue it. Before long quite a large little band of brothers was achieved. 

Archers, Gunners and Bill-men added to the scene and the coats of arms on each knight were outstanding. 

Knights could be made standing or mounted on a horse with correctly emblazoned comparison.

The French knights also had fantastic detail and each had differing details such as sword belts and helmets.

Henry V was a fantastic kit but I couldn't resist adding a little extra in the form of different shield and saddle. These were easily made by printing my own artwork to the same scale.

The faces of each knight had individual expressions and Sir Thomas Erpingham who lead the archers had his distinctive white beard,  

These lovely little models that stand around 15cm tall are fantastic and with simple tools and glue could be made into a stunning diorama. 

It is a shame that Fabrizio is no longer with us 

But his models live on. 

To read more about Fabrizio click link to the Papermau site below

Friday, 21 October 2016

Effigy Sword, Dagger and belts

Sword of Sir John de Hanbury (d. 1303) 

Swords, and Belts on effigies. Often worn and broken, the sword, belt and daggers displayed on effigies give an idea of just how decorative and individual these objects were.

The development of the sword hilt can be seen and the changing of the belt design is clearly shown.  

medieval-belts-14.png (1606×1902): Diagram of medieval sword belt, one style of fastening scabbard to the belt.: Diagram of medieval sword belt, one style of fastening scabbard to the belt.:
medieval-belts-5.png (1543×2371): medieval-belts-6.png (1218×2712): medieval-belts:
Belt plaques on the effigy of Sir John de Bermingham d. 1393, Birmingham.

Belt plaques of Sir Richard Vernon d. 1451, Tong. 

Belt buckle of Sir John Stanley Elford

Dagger of Sir Thomas Arderne d. 1391 Elford
Dagger of of Sir John Stanley Elford

Sword hilt, Early 16th c Shrewsbury Abbey.

Late 15th c sword. Albrighton. 

Sword with  S shaped cross guard effigy of Sir Francis Kynaston 17th c.

Misericord suspended by a cord. (Tong church)

Later effigies show the addition of a dagger, sometimes known as the Misericord because its employment in dispatching the mortally wounded was considered a mercy killing.
A Rondal type dagger with its narrow spike like blade. Used to penetrate plate armour rather than cut.

A small ballock dagger lay horizontally behind the effigy at Ashby de la Zouche
A ballock dagger with small eating knives.

Whilst the sword was suspended from the belt via leather straps and later metal rings, the dagger was usually held on the belt via a looped cord and in one case here by a looped chain.

The photographs here were taken at Tong, Aelford, Wroxeter, Birmingham, Elesmere, Hanbury and Norbury. with a couple unknown. The majority of them can be seen in The History of Armour 1100-1700.

Monday, 26 September 2016

Armour development.

Some of my illustrations tracking the changes in armour from 13th to 17th century. 
(A) Early 13th,century.  Conical helmet with face mask, Mail worn above a cloth aketon covering all the body with a cloth surcoat worn above. 
(B) Mid to late 13th,century.  Larger helm protecting the head but still predominantly mail protecting the whole body. Addition of a plate knee cop fixed to the mail or gamboised cuisse. Later in the century a coat of plates or reinforced surcoat was worn. 
(C) Early 14th century.  Plates added to arms and lower legs over mail. Addition of sabaton to protect the feet. 
(D, E, F,) Mid 14th century.  Bascinet to protect head with visor, also the addition of mail aventail to protect the neck. Surcoat shortened at the front as century progresses but mail is still worn beneath. coat of plates and eventually a cuirass. Stud and splint armour is developed. Gauntlets made from plates to protect hands. Great helm often worn above the bascinet. 
(G) Late 14th century.  The longer Surcoat has now developed from a loose coat into a tight short covering called the Jupon.
(H) Early 15th century.   Plate now covering the body completely.  The Bascinet developed a gorget to become Great bascinet. Thin strips of metal Fauld plates are developed to protect the hips and upper thigh. Later small lower plates at the thighs are developed into Tassets. 
(I, J,) Mid to late 15th century.  Development of differing styles of plate armour. Italian using clean plain lines with little decoration whilst German armour develops fluted ridges that emulates the Gothic lines of architecture. Helmets include the Armet and Sallet. Sabatons are pointed. 
(K, L) Early 16th century.  The Fluted ridges develop into extreme decoration seen on Maximilian armour Whilst the Plain lines of Italian armour remain in use. Both German and Italian armour incorporate both styles . The Close helm is developed and Sabatons become enlarged at toe. Etched and engraved decoration developed to extreme patterns and illustrations on armour. Greenwich armouries.
(M) Mid to late 16th century.  Peascod breastplate developed. Blued armour with gilded decoration. Sabatons become rounded and normal shoe shaped. Complete harness made with additions for different types of combat. 
(N, O) 17th century.  Heavier plate to protect from firearms. Decorative officers armour used as status symbol rather than protection. Leg and arm armour discarded eventually so that only the cuirass and helmet was in use. Sometimes a long single gauntlet was used  to protect the left hand and arm.

Tuesday, 2 August 2016

Scale Armoured figures

Over the years I've collected and made a few small armoured figures. Here is a small selection of them.

Paper Knights of Agincourt.

Below are  medieval soldiers and knights from Agincourt. All are the creation of Italian designer Fabrizio Prudenziati. They were downloadable and much more incredible paper models, all for free, at Zio Prudenzio`s webpage but I have had trouble finding the link, However They can be seen on the paper kit site Papermau.

Henry V

Paper Agincourt Figures

Plastic Kits

I have made and painted many plastic kits over the years, lots were destroyed in youthful battles but a few have survived my childhood and have been repainted. Below are two of the Airfix 1:12 scale Historical figures.
 Airfix Edward Black Prince

Airfix Edward Black Prince.

Above and below. Airfix Richard I.

Airfix have an interesting Vintage forum

Below are a few of the 1:8 scale Aurora/Monogram knights.

Aurora Red knight

Above and below Aurora Blue Knight 

Aurora Black Knight

The old Aurora/Monogram knights are now made by Revell

Above and below are two of the 1:16 scale Miniart Historical figures.

Miniart produce a large range of Historical figures 

Other Kits can be seen on my Pinterest page 

Perry 25mm Miniatures

Last year I came across the 25mm Wars of the Roses Plastic Figures By Perry Miniatures. I purchased two sets. The mounted knights and Foot soldiers. Quite some time was taken making up each figure and then hours of painting which culminated in a small diorama mounted in a frame.

To add interest I also included in the background the 1:72 Red box Hussite artillery and 1:72 Zvezda Artillery. although they are smaller in scale they act as forced perspective. 

Richard III archers and artillery at Bosworth field

Richard III begins his fatal charge

Sir Percival Thirlwall centre carrying Richards Boar banner.

Ricardian men at arms